Sound Alike Words – Part 2 (D – L)

One of the challenges in medical transcription is that the audio quality is not always of optimal quality.  There are many words that sound alike, and some can be difficult to understand, even in context.  Below is Part 2 (D – L) listing sound alike words that are encountered by medical professionals, along with a brief definition.  It’s helpful for both health care professionals and transcriptionists to review them to make sure they are deliberate in their pronunciation as well as to understanding the context in which they are used.

 

decision a choice made among options

discission an incision or cutting into

 

denervation loss of nerve supply

enervation loss of nervous energy

innervation supply of nerves to a part

 

dental relating to teeth or dentistry

dentil one of a series of small rectangular blocks forming a molding

 

denticle a conical pointed projection

identical the same

 

desperate frantic

disparate markedly distinct in quality

 

device equipment or mechanism designed for a purpose

devise to plan, design, or contrive

 

diaphysis the body or shaft of a long bone that ossified from a primary center

diathesis an inborn tendency to develop certain diseases or other abnormal conditions

 

diarrhea abnormally loose and frequent bowel movements

diuria a crystalline substance derivable from two molecules or urea

diuresis excretion of abnormally high amounts of urine

 

discreet a judicious reserve in one’s speech or behavior

discrete separate or individually distinct, as in discrete mass

 

dissension strong disagreement; discord

distention state of being distended or enlarged

 

dysphagia difficulty in swallowing

dysphasia difficulty in speaking

 

dystaxia difficulty in controlling voluntary movement

dystectia defective closure of the neural tube, resulting in malformation

 

Ebstein angle; anomaly; disease

Epstein Epstein-Barr virus, disease

 

eczema a type of dermatitis

exemia loss of fluid from blood vessels

 

ejection expelling, throwing out

ingestion taking of food or liquid into the body through the mouth

injection a shot; congestion

 

elicit to bring out, as in elicit a response

illicit illegal, as in illicit drugs

 

emanate to flow out or proceed from; to originate from

eminence a prominence or projection, particularly of bone

eminent important, well known, prominent

imminent likely or about to occur

 

enema injection of fluid into the rectum

intima innermost structure

intimal pertaining to the inner layer of a blood vessel

 

ephedrine an alkaloid

epinephrine a catecholamine

Excedrin a pain reliever for headaches

 

erasable removable with an eraser

irascible easily provoked to anger

 

ethanal acetaldehyde

ethinyl ethynyl

ethanol alcohol

ethenyl vinyl

 

eyes and nose parts of the anatomy above the lips

I’s & O’s intake and output

 

facial pertaining to the face

fascial pertaining to or of the nature of fascia

faucial pertaining to the passage from the mouth to the pharynx

 

false not true

falx a sickle-shaped organ or structure, as in falx cerebri

 

farther physical distance, as in driving farther than planned

further extension of time or degree, as in further care before discharge

 

fascicle a band or bundle of fibers, as in muscle or nerve

vesical pertaining to the bladder

vesicle a small sac containing fluid, as in the lesions seen in chickenpox

 

faze to cause to be disconcerted, as in the problem didn’t faze him

phase a stage of development

phrase a group of words

 

fibers slender structures or filaments

fibrose to form fibrous tissue

fibrous composed of or containing fibers

 

filamentous composed of long threadlike structures

velamentous in the form of a sheet or veil

 

filiform thread-shaped; a slender bougie

phalliform shaped like a penis

piliform shaped like or resembling hair

 

flanges projecting borders or edges

phalanges plural of phalanx; bones of the fingers or toes

 

fornix arch-shaped roof of an anatomical space

pharynx the throat

 

fovea a cup-shaped pit or depression

folia plural of folium, a leaf-like structure

phobia a fear or morbid dread

 

gaited walking or running in a certain manner, as in a gaited horse

gated an entrance or opening, as in gated magnetic resonance cardiac imaging

 

glands cells that function as secretory or excretory organs

glans a conical-shaped structure, as in glans penis

 

Gleason score for grading prostate carcinoma

Glisson capsule; tissue covering the liver

 

glisten to sparkle

glucoside a glycoside in which the sugar content is glucose

glycoside any of the class of compounds that yield a sugar and an aglycon upon hydrolysis, as in cardiac glycoside

 

graft tissue implanted from one point to another

graph a diagram with connecting points

 

hear to listen

here where you are right now

 

hemolysis disruption of the integrity of the erythrocyte membrane causing release of hemoglobin

homolysis lysis of a cell by extracts of the same type of tissue

 

Hertel rigid dilator stone forceps; exophthalmometer

Hurthle as in Hurthle cell adenoma, Hurthle cell carcinoma, Hurthle cell tumor

 

heterotopia displacement of parts or organs; presence of tissue in an abnormal location

heterotrophia nutritional disorder

heterotropia strabismus

 

holder a container; a device for immobilizing a part of the body, as in head holder

Holter a heart monitor

 

HNP herniated nucleus pulposus

H&P history and physical

 

humerus long bone in upper arm

humorous funny

 

ileac pertaining to the distal portion of the colon

iliac pertaining to the superior portion of the hip bone

 

ileum distal portion of the colon

ilium superior portion of the hip bone

 

inanimate without life or spirit, as in an inanimate object

innominate nameless, as in an innominate artery

 

inanition loss of vitality

inattention failure to pay attention

inhibition self-restriction of freedom of activity

 

incidence rate or frequency of occurrence

incidents single occurrences, events, or happenings

instance case or example

 

incision a wound made in surgery

schism disunion or discord

scission cleavage; splitting

 

infarction necrosis caused by obstruction, as in myocardial infarction

infection invasion of the body by organisms that can cause disease

inflection change in vocal pitch or loudness; bending forward

infraction incomplete fracture; breaking of a rule

 

installation placing in a position or office

instillation injecting slowly

 

irradiate to treat with radioactivity

radiate to spread out from a center, as in the pain radiates into the lower leg

 

jewel a precious stone

joule a unit of energy

jowl a fold of flesh hanging from the jaw

 

karyon nucleus

kerion a secondarily infected granulomatous lesion

 

keloid a hyperplastic scar

keroid resembling horn or corneal tissue

 

kempt referring to a neat appearance

kept past tense of keep

 

labial pertaining to a lip or lip-like structure

labile unstable, as in labile blood pressure

 

lassitude listlessness

latitude freedom of choice; plane of reference

 

leak an accidental opening that permits substance or information to escape

LEEP loop electrosurgical procedure (gyn)

LLETZ laparoscopic laser excision of the transformation zone (gyn)

 

Leiden genetic mutation associated with clotting factor V

Leyden genetic mutation associated with clotting factor IX

 

lesser smaller when comparing two things, as in lesser evil

lessor one who conveys property by a lease

 

liable responsible for

libel defamation by written or printed words

 

libido sexual desire

livedo bluish discoloration of skin

 

lice parasites

lyse to break up or disintegrate, as in lysis of adhesions

 

lightening decreasing in weight

lighting illumination

lightning a flash of light produced by electricity in the atmosphere, as in thunder and lightning

 

liver large gland in the abdomen

livor discoloration appearing on the body after death

loop an oval or circular ring formed by bending a vessel or cylindrical organ

 

loupe a magnifying glass

loose not securely attached

lose to misplace

 

 

2Ascribe Inc. is a medical transcription services agency located in Toronto, Ontario Canada, providing medical transcription services to physicians, clinics and other healthcare providers across Canada.  With WEBscribe, a client interface portal for document management, 2Ascribe continues to implement and develop technology to assist and improve the transcription process for physicians and other healthcare providers.  As a service to our clients and the healthcare industry, 2Ascribe offers articles of interest to physicians and other healthcare professionals, medical transcriptionists and office staff, as well as of general interest.  Additional articles may be found at http://www.2ascribe.com/category/articles/dictation-tips and http://www.2ascribe.com/category/articles

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